The History of a Midwife
Mary Breckinridge introduced nurse-midwives in the United States in 1925. The combination of nursing and midwifery was very successful and reported a substantially lower maternal and infant mortality rate than for the rest of the country at that time. In 1939, the Frontier Graduate School of Midwifery was the first nurse-midwifery education program in the USA that is still educating nurse-midwives today. The practice of certified-nurse midwifery was first legalized in Utah in the mid-sixties. In the United States, nurse-midwives are variably licensed depending on the state as advanced practice nurses, midwives or nurse-midwives. At present approximately 5500 certified nurse-midwives are practicing in the United States.